Sabtu, 17 Desember 2011

MOMENT OF STATIC STABILITY


Moment of static stability may be defined as the moment to return the ship to the initial position when inclined by an external force (such as wind and wave action).
we can see a ship which has been inclined by an external force. The centre of Buoyancy has moved from B to B1 parallel to gg1, and the force of buoyancy (w) acts vertically upward through B1.
The weight of the ship (W) acts vertically downwards through the centre of gravity (G). The perpendicular distance between the lines of action of forces (GZ) is called the righting lever.

Finally we can find the Moment of static stability by multiplying the righting lever and Displacement.

Moment of Static Stability = W x GZ   (eq.01)

The Moment of Static Stability at a Small Angle of Heel





Remember:

Moment of Static Stability = W x GZ
Triangle GZM: GZ = GMsinqo

So the Moment of Static Stability:
= W x GM x sinqo                      (eq.02)


Example 01.
A ship of 4000 tonnes displacement has KG 5.5 m and KM 6.0 m. Calculate the moment of statical stability when heeled 5 degrees.

Answer:
GM = KM – KG = 6.0-5.5 = 0.5 m
Moment of statical stability = W x GM x sinq
                                                                      = 4000 x 0.5 x sin 5o
                                                                      = 174.4 tonnes m

Example 02.
When a ship of 12000 tonnes displacement is heeled 6 ½ degrees the moment of statical stablity is 600 tonnes m. Calculate the initial metacentric height.
Answer:

Moment of statical stability = W x GM x sinq
GM = (Moment of statical stability)/(W x sinq)
   = 600/(12000 x sin 6 ½ o)
   = 0.44 m


The Moment of Static Stability at a Large Angle of Heel


At large angle of heel (More than 15 degrees), the force of  buoyancy can no longer be considered to act vertically upwards through the initial metacentre (M).  As shown in figure 03, the centre of buoyancy has moved further out to the low side, and the vertical through B1 no longer passes through M. The righting lever (GZ) is once again the perpendicular distance between the vertical through G and the vertical through B1, and the moment of statical stability is equal to W x GZ. But GZ is no longer equal to GMsinq. Up to the angel at which the deck edge is immersed, it may be found by using a formula known as the Wall-sided formula.

GZ = (GM + ½ BM tan2q)sinq         (eq.03)


Example 03.
A ship of 6000 tonnes displacement has KB 3 m, KM 6 m, and KG 5.5 m. Find the moment of statical stability at 25 degrees heel.
Answer:

     GZ = (GM + ½ BM tan2q)sinq
        = (0.5 + ½ x 3 x tan225o)sin25o
        = 0.8262 sin25o
        = 0.35 m

     Moment of statical stability = W x GZ
        = 6000 x 0.35
        = 2100 tonnes m

Example 04.
A box-shaped vessel 65 m x 12 m x 8 m has KG 4 m, and is floating in salt water upright on even keel at 4 m draft F and A. Calculate the moment of statical stability at (a) 5 degrees and (b) 25 degrees heel.
Answer:

     W = L x B x draft x 1.025    KB = ½ draft
       = 65 x 12 x 4 x 1.025      KB = 2 m
       = 3198 tonnes

     BM = B2/12d
        = (12 x 12)/12 x 4
        = 3 m
     KB = 2 m
     BM = 3 m
     KM = KB + BM = 2 + 3 = 5 m
     KG = 4 m
     GM = KM – KG
        = 5 – 4
        = 1 m

at 5o heel          GZ = GMsinq
                 = 1 x sin 5o
                 = 0.0872 m
               Moment of statical stability
                 = W x GZ
                 = 3198 x 0.0872
                 = 278.9 tonnes m

at 25o heel    GZ = (GM + ½ BM tan2q)sinq
                 = (1 + ½ x 3 x tan225o)sin25o
                 = (1 + 0.3262)sin25o
                 = 1.3262 sin25o
                 = 0.56 m
              Moment of statical stability
                 = W x GZ
                 = 3198 x 0.56
                 = 1790.9 tonnes m










                                     

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